Unknown seas the portugu.., p.34

Unknown Seas: The Portuguese Captains and the Passage to India, page 34

 

Unknown Seas: The Portuguese Captains and the Passage to India
 



Larger Font   Reset Font Size   Smaller Font   Night Mode Off   Night Mode


  . Anderson, History of Portugal, p. 54.

  . A. Toussaint, History of the Indian Ocean (Chicago, 1961), pp. 98–.

  . Marques, History of Portugal, p. 134.

  . H. H. Hart, Sea Road to the Indies: An Account of the Voyages and Exploits of the Portuguese Navigators (New York, 1950), p. 14.

  . Azurara, Chronicle, p. 54.

  . Azurara, Chronicle, pp. 81–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 19.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 22.

  . E. Bradford, A Wind from the North: The Life of Henry the Navigator (New York, 1960), p. 256.

  . From the journal of Alvise da Cadamosto, a Venetian merchant who joined the Portuguese in 1454 and made two voyages to Guinea.

  . E. Prestage, ‘The Portuguese Voyages of Discovery’, p. 3.

  . Morison, Portuguese Voyages, p. 3.

  . E. G. Ravenstein, trans. and ed., The Voyages of Diogo Cão and Bartholomeu Dias, 1482– (Pretoria, 1986) [reprinted from The Geographical Journal, vol. 16, no.6 (December, 1900), p. 1.]

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 91.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 44–.

  . Boxer, The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, p. 6.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, pp. 2–.

  . Marques, History of Portugal, p. 219.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 4.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 4.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 6.

  . Morison, Admiral of the Ocean Sea, p. 70.

  . Granzotto, Christopher Columbus, p. 58.

  . Taken in large part from J. Carey, ed., Eyewitness to History (New York, 1987), pp. 222–.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 11.

  . A Captain Becker of the Falke carried this one off to Kiel, Germany, in 1893.

  . H. V. Livermore, A New History of Portugal (Cambridge, 1969), p. 129.

  . Morison, Portuguese Voyages to America, pp. 44–.

  . Morison, Admiral of the Ocean Sea, pp. 74–.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 15.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 14.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 34–.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 90.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 90.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 19.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 35.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 21.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 36.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 90.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 23.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 23.

  . Ravenstein, Voyages of Cão and Dias, p. 42.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 96.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 116.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, pp. 93–.

  . G. Correa, The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama and His Viceroyalty (London, 1869), pp. 16–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 46.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 47.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 95.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 48.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 49.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 95.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 96.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 95.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 97.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 99.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 99.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 61.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 100.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 61–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 62.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 100.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, pp. 100–.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 101.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 103.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 105.

  . Phillips, The Medieval Expansion of Europe, p. 253.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 72–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 73.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 74–.

  . H. V. Livermore, A New History of Portugal (Cambridge, 1969), p. 134.

  . Kaplan, The Portuguese, p. 9.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 120.

  . Correa, The Three Voyages, p. 17.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 84–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 79.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 121.

  . Correa, The Three Voyages, pp. 29–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 94–.

  . Ravenstein, A Journal, p. xii.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, pp. 59–.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, pp. 63–.

  . Ravenstein, A Journal, p. xv.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 62.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 104.

  . Correa, The Three Voyages, p. 31.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 67.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 120

  . Ravenstein, A Journal, p. 165.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 86.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 88.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 124.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 89.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 124.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 125.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 111–.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, pp. 123–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 90.

  . Correa, The Three Voyages, p. 34.

  . Correa, The Three Voyages, p. 80.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 117–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 119.

  . Luis Camoens, The Lusiads, as quoted in Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 127.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 122.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 123.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 127.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 95.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 96.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 96.

  . G. A. Danzer, An Atlas of World History (Ann Arbor, 2000), p. 53.

  . A. Toussaint, History of the Indian Ocean (Chicago, 1961), pp. 51–.

  . Toussaint, History of the Indian Ocean, p. 56.

  . Toussaint, History of the Indian Ocean, p. 51.

  . Toussaint, History of the Indian Ocean, pp. 57–.

  . J. A. Garraty and P. Gay, eds., The Columbia History of the World (New York, 1972), p. 350.

  . Garraty and Gay, Columbia History, p. 350.

  . Kulke, History of India, p. 155.

  . Kulke, A History of India, p. 7.

  . Garraty and Gay, Columbia History, p. 341.

  . Kulke, A History of India, p. 5.

  . Garraty and Gay, Columbia History, p. 343.

  . Kulke, A History of India, p. 11.

  . Toussaint, History of the Indian Ocean, p. 68.

  . Kulke, A History of India, p. 7.

  . Garraty and Gay, Columbia History, pp. 350–.

  . Garraty and Gay, Columbia History, pp. 351–.

  . Garraty and Gay, Columbia History, p. 354.

  . Garraty and Gay, Columbia History, p. 353.

  . Kulke, History of India, pp. 176–.

  . K. N. Chaudhuri, Asia before Europe: Economy and Civilisation of the Indian Ocean from the Rise of Islam to 1750, pp. 362–.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 100.

  . J. Keay, India: A History (New York, 2000), p. 284.

  . Keay, India: A History, p. 284.

  . Subrahm
anyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 104.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, pp. 104–.

  . Boxer, The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, p. 50.

  . Roteiro, p. 6.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 131–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 132.

  . Roteiro, p. 8.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 130.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 88.

  . Roteiro, p. 16.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, pp. 131–.

  . Roteiro, pp. 19–.

  . Roteiro, p. 21.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 134.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 141.

  . Boxer, The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, p. 40.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 143.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 143.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 137.

  . Roteiro, p. 24.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 146.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 113.

  . Roteiro, p. 25.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 146.

  . Roteiro, p. 29.

  . Roteiro, p. 30.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 148–.

  . Roteiro, p. 28.

  . Roteiro, p. 33.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 149.

  . Roteiro, p. 36.

  . Roteiro, p. 36.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 118.

  . Roteiro, p. 37.

  . Roteiro, pp. 37–.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, pp. 135–.

  . Roteiro, p. 39.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 152.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 119.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 153–.

  . Roteiro, pp. 41–.

  . Roteiro, p. 44.

  . Roteiro, pp. 44–.

  . Roteiro, p. 45.

  . Roteiro, p. 45.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, pp. 122–.

  . Roteiro, p. 46.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 155.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 156.

  224. Roteiro, p. 48.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 173–.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 141.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 160.

  . N. Sastri, A History of South India from Prehistoric Times to the Fall of Vijayanagar (London, 1966), p. 327.

  . Keay, India: A History, p. 277.

  . Roteiro, p. 48.

  . Roteiro, p. 49.

  . Roteiro, p. 50.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, pp. 139–.

  . Roteiro, p. 50.

  . Roteiro, p. 50.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 141.

  . Roteiro, pp. 49–.

  . Roteiro, p. 51.

  . Roteiro, p. 52.

  . Roteiro, pp. 53–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 177.

  . Roteiro, p. 54.

  . Roteiro, p. 55.

  . Roteiro, p. 56.

  . Roteiro, p. 56.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 140.

  . Roteiro, p. 58.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 178.

  . Roteiro, p. 59.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 179.

  . Roteiro, p. 60.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 179–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, pp. 180–.

  . Roteiro, p. 62.

  . Roteiro, p. 64.

  . Roteiro, pp. 64–.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 141.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 184.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 183.

  . Roteiro, p. 66.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 184.

  . Roteiro, p. 68.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 186.

  . Roteiro, p. 68.

  . Roteiro, p. 69.

  . Roteiro, pp. 70–.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, pp. 142–.

  . Roteiro, pp. 73–.

  . Roteiro, p. 77.

  . Roteiro, p. 80.

  . Roteiro, pp. 83–.

  . Roteiro, pp. 84–.

  . Roteiro, pp. 89–.

  274. Correa, The Three Voyages, pp. 262–.

  . Correa, The Three Voyages, pp. 264–.

  . Livermore, A New History of Portugal, pp. 134–.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 143.

  . Ravenstein, A Journal, Appendix A, pp. 113–.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, pp. 150–.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 201.

  . Howe, In Quest of Spices, p. 143.

  . Diffie and Williams, Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, pp. 176–.

  . Roteiro, p. 98.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 191.

  . Hart, Sea Road to the Indies, p. 203.

  . Subrahmanyam, The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama, p. 164.

  . Boxer, The Portuguese Seabourne Empire, p. 59.

  . Boxer, The Portuguese Seabourne Empire, p. 63.

  . Boxer, The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, pp. 51–.

  . Toussaint, History of the Indian Ocean, p. 112.

  Bibliography

  A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama, 1497–, trans. and ed. E. G. Ravenstein, Hakluyt Society (1898); repr. (New York) [Roteiro]

  Anderson, James M., The History of Portugal (Connecticut and London, 2000)

  Azurara, Gomes Eannes da, The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea (London, 1896)

  Boxer, C. R., The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415– (New York, 1969)

  Bradford, Ernle, A Wind from the North: The Life of Henry the Navigator (New York, 1960)

  Carey, John, ed., Eyewitness to History (New York, 1987)

  Chaudhuri, K. N., Asia before Europe: Economy and Civilisation of the Indian Ocean from the Rise of Islam to 1750 (Cambridge, 1990)

  Correa, Gaspar, The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama, and His Viceroyalty, from the Lendas da India (London, 1869)

  Danzer, Gerald A., An Atlas of World History (Ann Arbor, 2000)

  Diffie, Bailey W., and Winius, George D., Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415– (Minneapolis, 1977)

  Garraty, John A., and Gay, Peter, eds., The Columbia History of the World (New York, 1972)

  Granzotto, Gianni, Christopher Columbus: The Dream and the Obsession, trans. Stephen Sartarelli (Garden City, New York, 1985)

  Hart, Henry H., Sea Road to the Indies: An Account of the Voyages and Exploits of the Portuguese Navigators, together with the Life and Times of Dom Vasco da Gama, Capitão-Mór, Viceroy of India and Count of Vidigueira (New York, 1950)

  Howe, Sonia E., In Quest of Spices (London, 1946)

  Kaplan, Marion, The Portuguese: The Land and its People (New York, 1991)

  Keay, John, India: A History (New York, 2000)

 

Turn Navi Off
Turn Navi On
Scroll Up
Scroll